That mistake, in the view of governments, aid groups and experts, was to scrap the EU’s migrant rescue mission for a cut-price alternative. In the face of an unprecedented swell of public opinion, the heads of EU members states may decide to reinstate patrols in the Mediterranean to prevent a repeat of the tragedy in which more than 800 migrants drowned at the weekend.
EU leaders will also discuss ideas including trying to capture or destroy people-smuggling boats. New data from the Italian Directorate of Immigration shows that Italian authorities have managed to destroy or seize boats in just one in four encounters with traffickers, while in most cases the smugglers escape with their vessel and reuse it.
The Italian interior minister, Angelino Alfano, has talked about bombing the smugglers’ boats. But the Italian government says a united EU front is needed. Refugee groups are opposed, citing legal, logistical, safety and even environmental concerns.
In an open letter, signatories including Chris Patten, the former EU Commissioner, and Massimo D’Alema, the former Italian Prime Minister, described the spiralling death rate as “a stain on the conscience of our continent”, which by some estimates may increase to 30,000 this year. Justin Forsyth, chief executive of Save the Children, welcomed the support of the European establishment, and said: “It’s quite simple: EU leaders must decide to immediately restart the rescue within 48 hours on at least the scale of 2014. Dithering further will mean that more children will drown in horrific circumstances, alone, terrified and in the hold of a capsizing boat.”
In pictures: Migrant boat disaster
Privately, campaigners said the pressure for boosting rescue capability was becoming hard for EU leaders to resist, with even Britain signalling a U-turn.
Read more: Survivor describes horror of journey across the Med Smuggler laughed about deaths on crossing from Libya to Italy Charity predicts 2,500 children could die this year unless unified rescue mission is resumed
“We’re very happy that the British government is now talking about search-and-rescue,” said Brendan Cox, Save The Children’s policy director, following Prime Minister David Cameron’s admission that withdrawing such services had been a mistake. “The big question is how quickly will Europe reinstate them,” said Mr Cox. “We can’t wait for weeks or months. There are migrants at sea now.”
Amnesty International volunteers lie in 200 body bags on Brighton beach to highlight the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean (Getty) Italian navy chiefs have said their vessels would be ready to restart search-and-rescue within 48 hours.
“Any hope that we have of grasping back the credibility of this region, and human rights, lies in those decisions on Thursday,” said Amnesty International’s European Institutions spokeswoman, Iverna McGowan. Amnesty is also calling on the EU to increase resettlement quotas.
A commitment earlier this week by the EU to double spending on Triton, the maritime border protection service, which was supposed to replace Italy’s Mare Nostrum operation, was dismissed by refugee organisations. “This is utterly insufficient,” said a spokesman for Save the Children. “Triton is about border control.”
Another NGO warned of another reason why death rates were rising. “The boats are getting more clapped out and more packed at the same time,” Flavio di Giacomo, a spokesman for the International Organisation for Migration, told AFP.